THIS MAY BE THE FUTURE
“Computers will help people to understand brains better. And understanding brains will help people to build better computers”
Artificial brains are man-made machines that are just as intelligent, creative, and self-aware as humans. No such machine has yet been built, but it is only a matter of time. Neuromorphic computing is an emerging technology for the artificial brain. So it is very crucial to know about Neuromorphic computing. Neuromorphic engineering is making the computer-brain real. And since no one knows how brains actually work, they may have to solve that problem for themselves, as well. This means filling in the gaps in neuroscientists’ understanding of the organ. In particular, it means building artificial brain cells and connecting them up in various ways, to try to mimic what happens naturally in the brain.
So what is happening in inside the brain? Let’s have a look.
The brain performs an incredible number of tasks including the controls body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing. Even It accepts a flood of information about the world around you from your various senses like seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and touching. our brain handles physical movement when walking, talking, standing or sitting. and It lets you think, dream, reason and experience emotions. All of these tasks are coordinated, controlled and regulated by an organ that is about the size of a small head of cauliflower.
Can’t we do these tasks artificially? Yes, we can do. But how?
With a set of hardware and software, we can do the brain tasks artificially. Dr. Furber and his team have been working on an artificial brain since 2006. Two years ago the prototype of the brain was constructed and this version of the brain had nearly 18 processors. Now Dr.Furber is working for a bigger one with the 1m-processor machine is due for completion in 2014. With these many chips he can be able to model about only 1% of the brain—and, crucially it is a real-time project (!!!). At the moment, even those microprocessors can imitate very small brain functions compare to the real brain functions. Even it will do the imitations more slowly then what the real brain is doing. Dr. Furber is not stopping this here there. By 2020 he hopes to develop an advanced version of his project. And it will have ten times the performance with the help of 1million processor machine. Of course, Dr. Furber named his project as SpiNNaker (Spiking Neural Network Architecture).
Imitating human organs gives crucial role in implementing artificial human organs. Similarly observing the working of the human brain and making it artificially is somewhat like a light beam from the light house of Bermuda Triangle. So the role of an artificial intelligence and neural networks are very important for our future.
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